AHRQ Web-based Mass Evacuation Transportation Planning Model
AHRQ has released a model to help federal, state, and local
emergency planners estimate the vehicles, drivers, road capacity
and other resources they will need to evacuate patients and
others from health care facilities in disaster areas.
The Web-based Mass Evacuation Transportation Planning Model is
designed to be used prior to an emergency to help answer such
How long will it take to move patients from one facility to
How many transport vehicles, such as ambulances, wheelchair
vans and buses, are required to complete the evacuation within a
certain time period?
How might the location and other attributes of the evacuating
and receiving facilities affect evacuation plans?
Emergency planners can enter into the model any number of
evacuating and receiving facilities and specific conditions that
could affect transportation plans. The model will estimate the
resources and hours needed to move patients from evacuating
facilities to receiving facilities, based on assumptions that the
planner specifies. The model was pilot tested in New York City
and Los Angeles.
Development of the model was led by AHRQ and the Department of
Defense with funding from the Department of Homeland Security’s
Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Department of Health
and Human Service’s Office of the Assistant Secretary for
Preparedness and Response. The model helps communities move one
step closer to an integrated emergency response system that can
track, move and regulate patients and evacuees during a mass
casualty or evacuation.