What is the federal Hospital Preparedness Program?
The Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 transferred
the National Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program (NBHPP)
from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to
the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR). The
focus of the program is now all-hazards preparedness from the
original focus on bioterrorism.
The purpose of the ASPR Hospital Preparedness Program (HPP) is to
enhance the ability of hospitals and health care systems to
prepare for and respond to bioterrorism and other public health
emergencies. Program priority areas include interoperable
communication systems, National Incident Medical System
compliance and training, bed tracking, personnel management, mass
fatality management planning and hospital evacuation and shelter
in place planning. During the past five years HPP funds have also
improved medical surge capacity and resources, decontamination
capabilities, isolation capacity, pharmaceutical supplies,
training, education, drills and exercises.
Hospitals, outpatient facilities, health centers, poison control
centers, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and other healthcare
partners work with the appropriate state or local health
department to acquire funding and improve healthcare system
preparedness through this program. Funding is distributed
directly to the Health Department of the State or political
subdivision of a State (cities and counties are considered
political subdivisions of States).
The HPP supports priorities established by the National
Preparedness Goal established by the Department of Homeland
Security (DHS) in 2005. The Goal guides entities at all levels of
government in the development and maintenance of capabilities to
prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from major
events, including Incidents of National Significance.
Additionally, the Goal will assist entities at all levels of
government in the development and maintenance of the capabilities
to identify, prioritize and protect critical infrastructure.